Malawi’s Energy Needs and Agroforestry: Adoption Potential of Woodlots

Gregory G. Toth, P. K. Ramachandran Nair, Michael Jacobson, Yekti Widyaningsih, Colm P. Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid urbanization and population growth have resulted in increasing demand for fuelwood and higher rates of deforestation in Malawi. Agroforestry fuelwood technology (AFT) offers a sustainable approach to addressing this problem. Adoption levels, however, remain low due to several factors. This study explores the influence and interactions among these factors based on analyses of data collected from a large-scale extension effort using binary regression and interaction tests. The results show AFT adoption throughout the country is influenced positively by factors such as farming groups and education; further, labor availability and landholdings are important in the relatively less fertile South. While increased levels of individual income were found to mediate positive influences on adoption, environmental governance was found to moderate negative influences. Based on our results, we suggest closer monitoring of lead farmers, targeted training, promotion of environmental governance, and increased emphasis on due diligence during extension planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-746
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Ecology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Communal and Individual Woodlots
  • Energy Security
  • Environmental Governance
  • Food Security
  • Fuelwood
  • Malawi
  • Mediation
  • Moderation
  • Sub-Saharan Africa


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