Major Determinant of Abnormal Total Cholesterol Level in Indonesia

Siregar M. H., Fatmah, Sartika R.A. P

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Hypercholesterolemia is a condition with total cholesterol level above 240 mg/dl, but the level of 200-239 mg/dl is considered borderline high and categorized as abnormal and may have similar impact as hypercholesterolemia. This condition could facilitate accumulation of plaque in blood vessels, and lead to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Based on the report of Riskesdas 2007, 2010, and 2013 it was found that there was an increased prevalence of abnormal total cholesterol levels among Indonesian population. Using Riskesdas 2013, we aimed to determine the determinant factors of abnormal total cholesterol level in Indonesia’s population aged 18-59 years. This study used the cross-sectional design methodology, with 21,055 samples after shorting missing data. Data was analysed with Multiple Logistic Regression. The result of the statistical analysis found one-third or more (38.3%) had abnormal total cholesterol levels, and nearly half (40.5%) had central obesity. We found significant association between age, sex, marital status, central obesity, smoking, and physical activity with total cholesterol levels. After adjusting for potencial confounding, we found that the age, central obesity, and physical activity are the three major determinants of total cholesterol levels. Overall, older person, with central obesity and lack of physical activity will increase the risk of abnormal total cholesterol levels. This research suggested that people 18-59 years old should maintain balanced nutrition, increase physical activity and stop smoking to avoid central obesity and resulting in abnormal total cholesterol levels.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event1st Southeast Asia Public Healt Nutrition Conference - MY, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 1 Jan 2017 → …


Conference1st Southeast Asia Public Healt Nutrition Conference
CityKuala Lumpur
Period1/01/17 → …
Internet address


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