Macroeconomic Determinants of Internal Migration to West Sumatra

Riska Febrina, Chotib Chotib

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This study examines the determinants of migration to the Indonesian province of West Sumatra. Employing a modified gravity model and using data from Statistics Indonesia, this study explores the extent to which macroeconomic variables (GDP per capita, unemployment rate, education attainment) affect migration flows to West Sumatra. The results show that GDP at origin is a significant driver of migration flows, whereas the unemployment rate in West Sumatra is a pull factor for migration. This conflicts with previous studies that report migration to be mainly directed toward more developed regions. Evidence of the impact of GDP on West Sumatra and the unemployment rate in the area of origin is weak. Thus, economic attractiveness is not a major determinant of migration flow to West Sumatra. Other factors that influence migration to West Sumatra are the positive effect of the level of education both in the origin and destination, the size of the population at the origin and destination, and the negative effect of distance.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
EventProceedings of the Asia Pacific Business and Economics Conference (APBEC 2018) - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 17 Jan 201818 Jan 2018


ConferenceProceedings of the Asia Pacific Business and Economics Conference (APBEC 2018)


  • migration
  • gravity model
  • per capita GDP
  • unemployment rate
  • West Sumatra


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