As a result of the local autonomy programme which commenced in Indonesia starting January 2001, there is a concern regarding the applicability of the formalized model of security and the possibility of that being replaced by a local community-based security model. This rather informal security model is then promoted to be the only form of security used between societies and the nation. However, this model does not solve the problem because of widespread corruption, collusion and nepotism, and the many limitations of the Indonesian National Police (or Polri) - a police department that has a mediocre and generalized level of service. In relation to autonomy, the effort of empowering the police units from the regional police down will bridge the gap between the people's ability to protect themselves and the limitations of those that are sworn to uphold the law.
- Indonesian Police
- Local policing