Subcutaneous injection lipolysis using phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sodium deoxycholate (SD) solution has been used in clinical practice with toxicity concerns of SD, a detergent emulsifier. Liposomal formulation of PCfrom local Indonesian soybean without SD was thought to be a safer alternative for this purpose. The aim of this study was to develop injectable liposome formulations from soybean phosphatidylcholine (SPC) extract from Argomulyo variety soy. In addition, this study was aimed to compare the physical characteristics between the liposomes of SPC extract and the liposomes of purifiedSPC. SPC extract was obtained by extraction-fractionation process from soybean powder. Liposome was prepared using thin film hydration (hand-shaking) method followed by a stepwise extrusion process through decreasing pore size extruder, i.e. 0.45 µm, 0.20 µm, and 0.10 µm. Liposomes were then characterized physically and microscopically.Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) with quinacrine dye andtransmission electron microscopy (TEM) without quinacrine dye was used for morphological confirmation. The median size of liposomes fromSPC extract containing 26.2% of PC was 48.9 nm with polydispersity index of 0.35. The liposomes were anionic with mean zeta potential of -17.25 mV. Liposomes from purifiedSPC was larger with median size of 68.3 nm and polydispersity index of 0.16;the liposomes were cationic with mean zeta potential of 58.23 mV. Confirmation using TEM showed spherical structures covered with a single layer both from purifiedSPC and SPC extract. Liposomes of SPC extract could satisfyingly be produced using local, Argomulyo variety soy. The liposomes were uniformly small, nanoparticle-sized, unilamellar, and negatively charged. These characteristics are suitable for subcutaneous injection to be used as lipolytic agent to replace the commercial PC plus SD solution.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of PharmTech Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
- Lipolysis injection
- Soybean lechitin
- Soybean phosphatidylcholine