Ligand Based Pharmacophore Modeling, Virtual Screening, and Molecular Docking Studies of Asymmetrical Hexahydro-2H-Indazole Analogs of Curcumin (AIACs) to Discover Novel Estrogen Receptors Alpha (ERα) Inhibitor

Hariyanti, Kusmardi, Arry Yanuar, Hayun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) plays an important role in breast development and pro-proliferation signal activation in the normal and cancerous breast. The ERα inhibitors were potentially active as cytotoxic agents against breast cancer. This study was conducted in order to find Asymmetrical Hexahydro-2H-Indazole Analogs of Curcumin (AIACs) as hits of ERα inhibitor. A training set of 17 selected ERα inhibitors was used to create 10 pharmacophore models using LigandScout 4.2. The pharmacophore models were validated using 383 active compounds as positive data and 20674 decoys as negative data obtained from DUD.E. Model 2 was found as the best pharmacophore model and consisted of three types of pharmacophore features, viz. one hydrophobic, one hydrogen bond acceptor, and aromatic interactions. Model 2 was utilized for ligand-based virtual screening 186 of AIACs, AMACs, intermediates, and Mannich base derivative compounds. The hits obtained were further screened using molecular docking, analyzed using drug scan, and tested for its synthesis accessibility. Fourteen compounds were fulfilled as hits in pharmacophore modeling, in which 10 hits were selected by molecular docking, but only seven hits met Lipinski’s rule of five and had medium synthesis accessibility. In conclusion, seven compounds were suggested to be potentially active as ERα inhibitors and deserve to be synthesized and further investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-147
Number of pages11
JournalIndonesian Journal of Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • AIACs
  • asymmetric hexahydro-2H-indazole analogs of curcumin
  • breast cancer
  • ERα inhibitor
  • estrogen receptor alpha inhibitor
  • molecular docking
  • pharmacophore modeling

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