Life cycle assessment of powder milk production in Indonesia

Ursula C. Silalahi, Misri Gozan, Ellyna Chairani

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The industry is a human activity established to process resources or materials into goods or products that humans can utilize. The dairy processing industry is one of the industries that process raw milk into various products, such as milk powder. The process of dairy processing industry activities not only produces a product but also contributes to environmental impacts. The main objective of this research determines the most potential environmental impact caused by the production process. The research will be conducted on milk powder products manufactured by PT X. The products chosen in this research are a product with a size of 40 grams per-sachet (product A) and product with a size of 200 grams per-sachet (Product B). The LCA research boundary is "gate to gate,"such as materials transportation from supplier, manufacturing process and management waste. The method used to determine the potential environmental impacts is life cycle assessment (LCA) method. Software SimaPro v.9.1 calculates the impact assessment. The calculations showed potential environmental impacts on product A and product B, such as Marine Ecotoxicity, Freshwater Ecotoxicity, and Human Toxicity. Based on the process stages of product A and product B, the potential environmental impact arises from the manufacturing process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012038
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021
Event1st Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Symposium, JESSD 2020 - Jakarta, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 28 Sept 202030 Sept 2020


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