Length of anterior cranial base and Frankfort horizontal plane: A lateral cephalometric study in 11-16-year-old children

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Cephalometric radiograph analysis, both linear and angular, are useful to diagnose and establish a treatment plan in cases of disharmony between dento-cranio-facial. The anterior cranial base, which is presented as a linear measurement of Sella Turcica to Nasion (S-N), and Frankfort horizontal plane (FHP) are two cephalometric reference planes to analyse the skeletal growth and development in children. This study included 202 cephalograms from 63 males and 139 females and divided into 11-13-year-old and >13-16-year-old groups. Both S-N and FHP were digitally analysed by measuring the length of certain points using cephalogram. The result showed the average length of S-N was higher in males compared with females at both age groups (p<0.005), while FHP length of males was higher than females at >13-16-year-old group (p<0.005). In conclusion, the S-N length was quite stable both in males and females older than 11-year-old, while FHP length may reach the peak of growth rate in males older than 13-year-old.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022014
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2018
Event2nd Physics and Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry Symposium, PTMDS 2018 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Jul 201818 Jul 2018

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