Latex-starch hybrid synthesis using CGDE method optimization: Methanol addition

Adream Bais Junior, Anisa Uswatun Hasanah, Mochamad Chalid, Nelson Saksono

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Latex has mechanical properties that indubitably suits the requirement of the vehicle tire, which is highly elastic modulus. However, elastic modulus itself is a downside to tire; it affects the tire traction, which is also an important aspect of tire performance. To resolve this issue, latex needs to be crosslinked or grafted to a low elastic modulus; in this case, starch. Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis (CGDE) is a potential method to massively graft polymers with different chemical and physical properties, such as a latex-starch hybrid. Using CGDE, the problem of reacting reactants that were not intermingled, due to differences in polarity, can be forced to bind through a radical reaction mechanism. Based on the previous research, the optimal plasma position is in the cathode, which produces more hydrogen radicals than anode; reasonably, this reaction is mostly affected by hydrogen radicals. In this research, experiments will be mainly focused on the addition of methanol, a hydrogen radicals additive. I-V characterization was also done to the solution with the plasma position in the anode. The current starts to decrease at 200 V and plasma starts to stabilize at 250 V. After data is analyzed, the results of methanol addition are quite contrary. After adding methanol with a concentration of 5%v, 10%v and 15%v, the latex-starch hybrid production is decreased by 7.47%, 8.68%, and 9.01% respectively. The experimental results show that CGDE with methanol solution is not suitable for latex-starch hybrid synthesis and further optimization will need to be done.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

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