Blood cultures for a definitive diagnosis of typhoid fever takes time and are not routinely available. We thus investigated laboratory parameters to predict Salmonella bacteraemia. We conducted a prospective cohort study in Jakarta, Indonesia. Patients with suspected typhoid fever admitted to hospital from October 2014 to December 2016 were included. Out of 187 individuals, 27 had Salmonella typhi and 12 had S. paratyphi in blood cultures. Absolute eosinopenia, elevated aspartate aminotransferase and elevated C-reactive protein > 40 mg/L were positive predictors.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
- blood culture
- C-reactive protein (CRP)
- typhoid fever