The purpose of this paper is to identify the characteristics of Korean and Indonesian - derived verbs in terms of morphological and semantic contrasts. Since Korean and Indonesian have characteristics of agglutinative language, this is reflected in the formation of derivations of the two languages. After presenting the recognition of verb-derived affix and affixation of Indonesian verb in Korean dictionary, we examined the combining process. Derivative verbs formed by this are contrasted morphologically and semantically and examined their characteristics. Morphologically, it can be said that the combination root and separability are the same in both languages. In relation to the syntactic category, suffixes and discontinuous affixes also function in Indonesian, whereas suffixes only change the syntactic category in Korean. Another morphological feature can be seen in the process of combining root and affix. In both languages, more than one affix can be combined with one root, but in the case of Indonesian, the coupling process can be clearly seen. On the other hand, in the case of Korean, the combining process can be analyzed in various ways. Concerning the semantic feature, the meaning of the derived verb in both languages can be regarded as a combination of the meaning of the affix and the root, and only the basic meaning of the root is reflected in the meaning of the derived verb. Contextual meanings do not participate in derived verbs. In addition, we can see that the phenomenon of inhibition is seen in both languages.
|Journal||Journal of Ewha Korean Language and Literature|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2017|
- Derivative verbs, Affix, Korean, Indonesian, Contrastive language, Agnosticlanguage, Derivative words, Derivative verbs, Affix, Korean, Indonesian, Contrastive Study, Agglutinative Language