Teacher effectiveness is reflected, among other things, on how they interact with students. This study was aimed at developing a reliable and valid teacher-student interaction scale to be used in inclusive primary schools. Collection of items (item pool) was conducted through literature study and focus group discussion, followed by content validity analysis. Factorial validity and internal consistency were examined by administering the scale to 101 teachers working in various inclusive primary schools in Jakarta. Factor analysis yielded three domains on teacher-student interaction with Î± = 0. 93. The three domains were emotional support (p = 0.11, RMSEA = 0.05, GFI = 0.91), classroom management (p = 0.13, RMSEA = 0.05, GFI = 0.90), and instructional support (p = 0.05, RMSEA = 0.06, GFI = 0.90). Convergence validity testing is recommended in subsequent research. Increased external validity can be achieved by involving teachers with a variety of demographic factors.
- teacher-student interaction measurement
- inclusive education;
- teacher effectiveness
- primary school