Knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among community members and healthcare professionals in Indonesia

Belinda Julivia Murtani, Jason Anthony Wibowo, Cindy Anastasia Liu, Magdalena Rusady Goey, Kenny Harsono, Amanda Ayu Putri Mardani, Tjhin Wiguna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Collaboration between community and healthcare professionals plays an essential role in ADHD care. Therefore, this study aims to identify the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude among community members, primary school teachers, medical students, general practitioners, pediatricians and psychologists in Indonesia regarding ADHD and its association with several related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study utilizing valid questionnaires to assess the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude regarding ADHD among each respondent group was employed. 1,536 subjects participated in this study. Data was gathered and analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0 for Mac. A chi-square test was used to establish the associations. The value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant in this study. Results: Most of the participants showed poor to very poor levels of knowledge/understanding (community members = 56.8%, teachers = 58.9%, medical students = 60.4%, general practitioners = 54.9%, pediatricians = 65.6%, psychologists = 52.1%). The similar results were also found for perception and attitude levels. Several associations were found between practice experience and the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards ADHD among general practitioners and psychologists (p < 0.05); educational level and level of attitude among community members and medical students (p < 0.05); practice experience and the knowledge/understanding level in the teachers group (p < 0.05); practice experience and the perception level among pediatricians (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Further education regarding ADHD should be considered either through online media or formal education in order to achieve a better management of ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101912
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Community Health Services
Indonesia
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Medical Students
General Practitioners
Psychology
Education
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Pediatricians

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Attitude
  • Community
  • Healthcare professionals
  • Indonesia
  • Knowledge
  • Perception

Cite this

Julivia Murtani, Belinda ; Wibowo, Jason Anthony ; Liu, Cindy Anastasia ; Rusady Goey, Magdalena ; Harsono, Kenny ; Mardani, Amanda Ayu Putri ; Wiguna, Tjhin. / Knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among community members and healthcare professionals in Indonesia. In: Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020 ; Vol. 48.
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abstract = "Background: Collaboration between community and healthcare professionals plays an essential role in ADHD care. Therefore, this study aims to identify the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude among community members, primary school teachers, medical students, general practitioners, pediatricians and psychologists in Indonesia regarding ADHD and its association with several related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study utilizing valid questionnaires to assess the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude regarding ADHD among each respondent group was employed. 1,536 subjects participated in this study. Data was gathered and analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0 for Mac. A chi-square test was used to establish the associations. The value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant in this study. Results: Most of the participants showed poor to very poor levels of knowledge/understanding (community members = 56.8{\%}, teachers = 58.9{\%}, medical students = 60.4{\%}, general practitioners = 54.9{\%}, pediatricians = 65.6{\%}, psychologists = 52.1{\%}). The similar results were also found for perception and attitude levels. Several associations were found between practice experience and the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards ADHD among general practitioners and psychologists (p < 0.05); educational level and level of attitude among community members and medical students (p < 0.05); practice experience and the knowledge/understanding level in the teachers group (p < 0.05); practice experience and the perception level among pediatricians (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Further education regarding ADHD should be considered either through online media or formal education in order to achieve a better management of ADHD.",
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Knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among community members and healthcare professionals in Indonesia. / Julivia Murtani, Belinda; Wibowo, Jason Anthony; Liu, Cindy Anastasia; Rusady Goey, Magdalena; Harsono, Kenny; Mardani, Amanda Ayu Putri; Wiguna, Tjhin.

In: Asian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 48, 101912, 02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among community members and healthcare professionals in Indonesia

AU - Julivia Murtani, Belinda

AU - Wibowo, Jason Anthony

AU - Liu, Cindy Anastasia

AU - Rusady Goey, Magdalena

AU - Harsono, Kenny

AU - Mardani, Amanda Ayu Putri

AU - Wiguna, Tjhin

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AB - Background: Collaboration between community and healthcare professionals plays an essential role in ADHD care. Therefore, this study aims to identify the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude among community members, primary school teachers, medical students, general practitioners, pediatricians and psychologists in Indonesia regarding ADHD and its association with several related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study utilizing valid questionnaires to assess the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude regarding ADHD among each respondent group was employed. 1,536 subjects participated in this study. Data was gathered and analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0 for Mac. A chi-square test was used to establish the associations. The value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant in this study. Results: Most of the participants showed poor to very poor levels of knowledge/understanding (community members = 56.8%, teachers = 58.9%, medical students = 60.4%, general practitioners = 54.9%, pediatricians = 65.6%, psychologists = 52.1%). The similar results were also found for perception and attitude levels. Several associations were found between practice experience and the level of knowledge/understanding, perception and attitude towards ADHD among general practitioners and psychologists (p < 0.05); educational level and level of attitude among community members and medical students (p < 0.05); practice experience and the knowledge/understanding level in the teachers group (p < 0.05); practice experience and the perception level among pediatricians (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Further education regarding ADHD should be considered either through online media or formal education in order to achieve a better management of ADHD.

KW - ADHD

KW - Attitude

KW - Community

KW - Healthcare professionals

KW - Indonesia

KW - Knowledge

KW - Perception

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