This research aimed to find out the performance of village midwife and its determinant factors. The performance of midwifery service within the Jaminan Pemeliharaan Kesehatan Masyarakat Miskin (JPKMM) program was measured by the coverage of antenatal care and coverage of trained birth attendance. The design of this study is cross sectional and data was analyzed using univariate, bivarite, and multivariate logistic regression. The population was all village midwives (137 persons) in Aceh Selatan District in the year 2007. The sample was village midwife who has at least one year work experience in a certain vil-lage and it consists of 104 persons. The result shows that the performance of village midwife is still low (56%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that the dominant factor related to good performance were no competitor, good supervision, knowledge and motivation. Factors which not associated with performance were age, marital status, employee status, domicile, number of village to be covered, attitude, reward, and education. We recommend that the District Health Office must supervise intensively and giving more reward to improve work motivation. The village midwife should improve their quality of services and implement the 3S principle ( salam, senyum and sopan) and conducting home visit to provide maternal health services and to maintain good so-cial relationship with the community.