Kernel Based Comparison between Fuzzy C-Means and Support Vector Machine for Sinusitis Classification

R. A. Putri, Z. Rustam, J. Pandelaki, N. Salmi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinus wall, a small cavity interconnected through the airways in the skull bones. It is located on the back of the forehead, inside the cheek bone structure, on both side of the nose, and behind the eyes. Sinusitis is caused by infection, growth of nasal polyps, allergies, and others. This condition can effect adults, teenagers, and even children. To classify sinusitis, we used Kernel Based Fuzzy C-Means, which is the development of Fuzzy C-Means (FCM). FCM algorithm groups data using Euclidean distance. However, when non-linear data is separated, the convergence is inaccurate and need a long-running time. To overcome this problem, a Kernel Based Fuzzy C-Means that use kernel functions as a substitute for Euclidean distance. It maps objects from data space to a higher dimension feature space, so they can overcome FCM deficiencies. Beside we used Kernel Based Support Vector Machine to do the same thing, that separate the data set by hyperplane. From the result of both methods, we will compare both of them to get the best method for the data set. Data that is used is sinusitis data set obtained from the laboratory of radiology at Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta. From the experiment we got 100% accuracy of Kernel Based Fuzzy C-Means and 100% accuracy of Kernel Based Support Vector Machine using the same parameter sigma for the kernel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012031
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1752
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021
Event3rd International Conference on Statistics, Mathematics, Teaching, and Research 2019, ICSMTR 2019 - Makassar, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Oct 201910 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Fuzzy C-means
  • Kernel function
  • support vector machines

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