Kaolin application to increase lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth under suboptimal watering condition

H. F. Fawwaz, S. Lathifatunnisa, N. M. Hemelda, R. Yuniati

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Lettuce is a crop sensitive to water availability as it needs more water in cultivation. Kaolin has been reported to reduce the impact of drought stress in plants. However, the use of kaolin to increase lettuce growth under drought condition has not been reported yet. In this study, the effect of kaolin to increase the growth of lettuce under suboptimal watering condition was investigated. Kaolin foliar application (3%, 5%, and 6%) was tested on a group consisting of 5 lettuce plants grown under reduced watering condition in a greenhouse. Lettuce height, number of leaves, root length, leaf length and width, fresh and dry weight of lettuce, and leaf chlorophyll content were observed. Kaolin applications significantly increased the growth of lettuce in most parameters compared to the negative control (reduced watering condition, without kaolin). Kaolin 3% application presented the best treatment to increase growth parameters. All kaolin applications did not affect chlorophyll content significantly under lower watering condition. In conclusion, kaolin was able to reduce the impact of reduced watering condition and increase lettuce growth but showed no effect on the leaf chlorophyll content. Thus, further evaluation of kaolin application in lettuce under drought condition is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012087
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2021
Event4th International Conference on Biosciences, ICoBio 2021 - Bogor, Indonesia
Duration: 11 Aug 202112 Aug 2021


  • antitranspirant
  • foliar application
  • kaolin
  • lettuce
  • suboptimal watering


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