Jefferson fracture as sport injury in weight-lifting athlete: A rare case report and literature review

Didik Librianto, Ifran Saleh, Widyastuti Srie Utami, Medisya Yasmine Librianto, Kenandi Raihan Librianto, Witantra Dhamar Hutami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction and importance: Cervical spine fractures are rare in sports, but their potentially grave consequences mean that they must be given special attention. The aim of this study was to present the case of a recreational athlete with a fracture of C1 resulting from weightlifting. Case presentation: Young, recreational athlete came with severe neck pain right after weightlifting. There was no neurologic deficits occurred. X ray and CT scan examination showed complete fracture of the right posterior and anterior arch of C1 and disruptions of the right transverse foramen and ligament. MRI revealed no sign of impingement or compromised canal. Patient was then treated conservatively with sternal occipital mandibular immobilizer (SOMI) brace for 4 weeks. Thereafter, the neck pain resolved gradually. No neurologic deterioration occurred. At time of brace removal, patient was free of pain with normal motoric and sensory function. Clinical discussion: Our case was the first report of a Jefferson fracture caused by a direct injury mechanism due to the weightlifting sport. The type III Jefferson fracture produced by this contrary injury mechanism showed that with adequate force, another spectrum of injury mechanisms may be created. Conclusion: With adequate assessment and proper patient selection, Jefferson fracture can be treated effectively by SOMI brace with excellent functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109451
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Case report
  • Jefferson fracture
  • Literature review
  • Sport injury
  • Weightlifting


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