Isotretinoin for cutaneous sarcoidosis: A potential therapy

Caroline Oktarina, Yudo Irawan, Sandra Widaty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Sarcoidosis is a chronic noncaseating granulomatous disorder with clinical manifestations involving various organs, including skin. The incidence of sarcoidosis reached 35.5-64 cases per 100, 000 people in the United States while Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta reported the incidence of cutaneous sarcoidosis of 0.07% in 2015-2019. Numerous treatment modalities have been developed for the treatment of sarcoidosis and steroid becomes the first-line treatment for sarcoidosis. However, cases of sarcoidosis recalcitrant towards steroid are often reported, leading to consideration of other medications with possible efficacy in sarcoidosis, one of which is isotretinoin. Isotretinoin plays a role in sarcoidosis through its effect on inhibiting Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) and enhancing the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Based on several studies reported, level of evidence (LoE) of isotretinoin for the management of cutaneous sarcoidosis is level IV. Therefore, albeit being quite potential for the management of cutaneous sarcoidosis, further studies are necessary to prove the effectiveness of isotretinoin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1105
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Isotretinoin
  • Management
  • Sarcoidosis


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