Isolated Diaphorase From Bovine Erythrocyte Cannot Reduce Oxidized Cytoglobin (Metcygb)

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Background: Cytoglobin (Cygb) is a relatively newly identified globin protein that acts as an oxygen transporter in tissues like hemoglobin (Hb) in erythrocytes and myoglobin (Mb) in muscles. The natural oxidation of the Fe2+ ion in its heme group into metglobin (globin-Fe3+) made the loses of oxygen binding functions. It is known metHb and metMb can be reduced enzymatically using diaphorase or cyb5r3. However, metCygb reductase had not been previously identified. This study aims to analyze the reducing activity of bovine diaphorase on metCygb. Methods: Diaphorase was isolated from bovine erythrocyte and purified using gel filtration and cationicexchanger chromatography. Its purity was verified by SDS-PAGE and western blot (WB). The metCygb was obtained from Cygb oxidation with potassium ferrocyanide and its reducing activity was determined by spectroscopy. Results: The diaphorase (MW=30.09 kDa) was purified 10.77-fold from crude enzyme with specific activity against metHb 8.479 U/mg. The purity was confirmed by WB using primary antibody anti-cyb5r3. The purified enzyme reduced metCygb at 0.785 μgmin-1, which was 13.7 times less than the Vmax of metHb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-298
Number of pages10
JournalReports of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Bovine erythrocyte
  • Cytochrome b5 reductase
  • Diaphorase
  • Metcytoglobin
  • Reduction


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