Islah as the key success of terrorist disengagement process in Indonesia

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This study describes about the process of disengagement from terrorists in Indonesia using the Islah, an Islamic method of making a gathering between terrorism victims, terrorists in prison, former convicts of terrorism and their networks in order to build a bridge of communication within them. The activities of Islah consist of various forms such as, gathering with nationalism insight or focus group discussions and building individual friendships. The sincerity of terrorism bomb victims who had forgiven a terrorist before the meeting made the former convicts of terrorism cases feel guilty, and their hearts were touched. They cried and apologized for the actions of their friends and what they had done. Islah allows the disengagement between the victims and the terrorist to happen naturally. This study shows that Islah can be applied in Indonesia as a method of disengagement. Most participants felt sympathetic and apologized to the victims. The friendliness of the facilitator and stakeholders makes Islah more effective. Islah is an effective disengagement method with terrorism victims and perpetrators terrorism from same cases, but Islah is not easy for perpetrators from Poso, Central Sulawesi, because they also consider themselves to be victims. Islah has been part of the local wisdom of the Indonesian people and since the Kingdom of Majapahit era. Islah, as one characteristic Islamic method, is the key to the success of disengagement in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Al-Tamaddun
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Disengagement
  • Indonesia Context
  • Islah
  • Terrorism


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