Is the mitochondrial function of keloid fibroblasts affected by cytoglobin?

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Abstract

Background: A keloid is a benign skin tumour characterised by excessive proliferation of fibroblasts, a process that requires a sufficient amount of energy. The energy needs are associated with adequate oxygen (O2) flow and well-functioning mitochondria. It is known that cytoglobin (CYGB) has a function in O2 distribution. The aim of the present study was to explore whether the inhibition of CYGB expression caused impaired mitochondrial function of keloid fibroblasts. Methods: An in vitro study was conducted on a keloid fibroblast derived from our previous study. The study was carried out in the laboratory of the Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia (FMUI), from July to December 2018. CYGB expression was inhibited by small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) and CYGB. Analysis of mitochondrial function was observed through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), a mitochondrial biogenesis marker and the activity of the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) enzyme in mitochondria. Results: The CYGB gene and protein were downregulated after treatment with CYGB siRNA. Inhibition of CYGB expression with siRNA also tended to decrease the levels of PGC-1α messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein, as well as SDH enzyme activity. Conclusion: Inhibition of CYGB expression with siRNA tended to decrease mitochondrial biogenesis and function. This may be useful for understanding the excessive proliferation of fibroblasts in keloids and for development of treatment for keloids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • CYGB siRNA
  • Keloid fibroblasts
  • PGC-1α
  • SDH enzyme activity

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