Is motorcycle e-hailing welfare improving?

Annisa Hedya Rizkyta, Chaikal Nuryakin, Sean Hambali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The proliferation of motorcycle e-hailing platforms in Indonesia is regarded by many as exerting myriads of benefits for the wider society as its consumers and its driver-partners. However, such online platforms have disrupted their traditional sector counterparts—the offline motorcycle ridesourcing. This paper gauges the impact of motorcycle e-hailing services using the difference-in-difference (DiD) framework using 422 respondents' data from 11 train stations in Jakarta. We provide welfare comparisons between the two groups of motorcycle ridesourcing (offline and online ridesourcing) at two distinct periods: before and after the advent of motorcycle e-hailing platforms. Our results suggest that, first, online drivers who enlisted themselves into the online platforms had come from the lower segments of the offline drivers' income distribution. Second, we also find that the online drivers exhibit higher levels of net income and hourly income than offline drivers, while the job satisfaction levels of these drivers remain unchanged. Third, we find strong indications that, after the proliferation of ridesourcing platforms, offline drivers' incomes have been well reduced even lower than the low performers of offline drivers before the treatment. Finally, while it is economically rational for offline drivers to join the online platforms, this paper has identified several barriers that potentially hamper them in doing so.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-795
Number of pages12
JournalCase Studies on Transport Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Difference-in-difference
  • E-hailing platforms
  • Motorcycle ridesourcing
  • Welfare


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