Intra-arterial transplantation of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells in sub-acute ischemic stroke increases VEGF expression in rats

Yetty Ramli, Ahmad Sulaiman Alwahdy, Mohammad Kurniawan, Berry Juliandi, Puspita Eka Wuyung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Thrombolysis (rt-PA) is the only United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug currently available. Unfortunately, its effect has been limited by the narrow therapeutic time window. Human cord blood mononuclear cells (cbMNC) is a promising treatment for ischemic stroke by forming collateral and neo-vascularization where it is one of the important factors that contribute to cell repair. Therefore, evaluation of neo-vascularization in sub-acute stroke may be beneficial for recovery. One group for healthy rat and three groups (n=6 per group) of male wistar rats have undergone permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Transplantation 1x106 cells/kg of human cbMNC intra-arterially (IA) and intra-venously (IV) were administered after 7 days. Behavioural tests were performed before MCAO, 1 week after MCAO and at 3,9 and 14 days after cbMNC transplantation. Beta III tubulin protein (TUJ1), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody marker were evaluated. Spontaneous activity of transplanted rats by cbMNC have significantly improved compared to placebo group (p<0.05). Angiogenesis in IA group showed significant difference (P<0.001) when compared to IV and placebo respectively. The existence of neovascularization in the transplanted rats of cbMNC provide hope in accelerating repairment of the neuronal cells and functional outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Human umbilical cord blood
  • Mononuclear cells
  • Neurogenesis
  • Rats

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