The need for food due to the increasing population is the main trigger for the growing number of food industries. The implementation of ISO 14001 is necessary for preventing environmental damage caused by industrial activities. Currently, the number of ISO 14001 certified companies in the food industry in Indonesia needs to be improved. This research aims to identify internal and external factors that influence ISO 14001 certification and provide some strategy recommendations to improve its adoption in the Indonesian food industry. Identification of internal and external factors is carried out by SWOT analysis by several experts in the field of ISO 14001 certification. The results of this research illustrate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that affect ISO 14001 certification in the food industry. The main strength of support ISO 14001 implementation in the food industry is management's support and commitment to implement this standard. The main weakness is the lack of the Life Cycle Assessment implementation. The main opportunity is the availability of external training institutions. The main threat is the lack of competent certification bodies. This study contributes to the body of knowledge related to ISO 14001 implementation with a particular interest in the Indonesian food industry. The results of this study provide recommendations to policymakers, corporate practitioners, and other related stakeholders to encourage greater implementation of ISO 14001.