Integrated post mining landscape for sustainable land use: A case study in South Sumatera, Indonesia

Abdul Kodir, Djoko M. Hartono, Herman Haeruman, Irdika Mansur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Damages to coal mined land must be restored through reclamation efforts to provide optimum benefits. In addition to environmental improvements through conservation and protection, coal mined land also has the potential for economic development and the ability to provide social benefits to the community. This study aimed to (1) formulate a spatial plan for coal mined land in order for it to become an integrated and multifunctional landscape by integrating protected areas, conservation areas and cultivated areas that contains a variety of land uses to support sustainable development of the coal mine of PT Bukit Asam, Tanjung Enim, South Sumatera province; and (2) calculate the economic potential of the coal mined land. The methods used for data analysis were the Geographical Information System (GIS), a land suitability evaluation and a feasibility study (Net Present Value, Internal Rate Return and Benefit/Cost Ratio). The results found that the integrated spatial planning of land that had been used as a coal mine that considered sustainability could be implemented. In addition, a variety of businesses in the area of cultivation, including: plantation forests, cultivation of cajuput crops, aquaculture, and cattle farming should be developed. The potential profitable, pre-tax income until the closing of the mine in 2043 amounted to USD 91,295,530 (1 USD = Rp 13,329). If there is a source of a new economy after mining ends, the social conditions and environmental sustainability can be maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
JournalSustainable Environment Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017


  • Conservation areas
  • Cultivation areas
  • Mined land
  • Protected areas


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