Insights from 20 years of mammal population research in Indonesia

Ardiantiono, Irene M.R. Pinondang, Desy S. Chandradewi, Gono Semiadi, Freddy Pattiselanno, Jatna Supriatna, Johny S. Tasirin, Nurul L. Winarni, Maria Voigt, Joseph W. Bull, Tatyana Humle, Nicolas J. Deere, Matthew J. Struebig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Mammal populations are declining in biodiverse tropical regions. Global analyses have identified Indonesia as a hotspot of vertebrate decline, although relatively few data are available to substantiate these claims. We reviewed research articles published during 2000-2020 on 104 medium-sized to large terrestrial mammal species found in Indonesia to help inform conservation management and future research. We identified 308 peer-reviewed studies published in English or Bahasa Indonesia, with an increase in publication rate (articles published per year) over time. Studies of species distributions dominated the literature, followed by publications on abundance, species diversity and combinations of these topics. Most publications concerned single-species studies conducted at a single location and a single point in time. We identify four key issues that should be addressed by future research and conservation efforts: (1) disproportionate focus on a small number of species; (2) geographical bias towards west Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java-Bali), with few published studies from central (Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara and Maluku) and east (Papua) Indonesia; (3) limitations to survey design, sampling effort and data analysis; and (4) lack of long-term wildlife population studies. We also note challenges local researchers face in publishing their studies in international journals because of language barriers and costs. Greater use of existing biodiversity data and continued capacity building for local researchers, particularly those in central and east Indonesia, are critical to effectively guide future wildlife monitoring and improve the conservation status of Indonesian mammals.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Biodiversity loss
  • capacity building
  • defaunation
  • Indonesia
  • population monitoring
  • Southeast Asia
  • species conservation
  • tropics


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