Insect-based lipid for biodiesel production

Chung Yiin Wong, Jun Wei Lim, Yoshimitsu Uemura, Fai Kait Chong, Yin Fong Yeong, Mardawani Mohamad, Heri Hermansyah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insect biomass could be a potential feedstock for biodiesel production in Malaysia. In this study, the viability of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) and weevil (Rhynchophorus sp.) larvae for biodiesel production were evaluated. Black soldier fly (BSF) and weevil larvae were found to contain about 32% and 44% of lipid content in dry weight basis by using petroleum ether solvent extraction. After esterification and trans-esterification, BSF and weevil larvae derived biodiesel were detected to contain 84% and 88% of FAME correspondingly. The GC analysis showed that BSF derived biodiesel contained approximately 55% of C12:0, 12% of C14:0, 6% of C16:0 and 4% of C18:1 with low percentage of C10:0, C16:1, and C18:2. Meanwhile, weevil derived biodiesel showed around 40% of C16:0 and C18:1, 3% of C16:1 and C18:0, and low content of C14:0, C18:2, and C18:3. The FAME produced from BSF and weevil larvae were equivalent to the FAME derived from coconut and palm oil. Thus, replacement of edible plant seed oil by insect biomass in biodiesel production is achievable to avoid the concerns on food against fuel in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Applied Science and Technology, ICAST 2018
EditorsFaizatul Akmar Abdul Nifa, Chong Khai Lin, Azham Hussain
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9780735417342
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Applied Science and Technology, ICAST 2018 - Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 10 Apr 201812 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2016
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Applied Science and Technology, ICAST 2018
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityGeorgetown, Penang
Period10/04/1812/04/18

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