Input Process Output (IPO) Framework for Engineering Higher Education Accreditation in Indonesia

Misri Gozan, Renanto, Rahmat Nurcahyo, Muhammad Asad Abdurrahman, Erni Misran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


While higher education accreditation is widely acknowledged for its benefits, it remains subject to criticism. Critics have expressed certain concerns, including the observation that accrediting bodies often exhibit a preference for an input-centric approach despite the recent trend towards emphasizing outcomes. However, establishing predetermined accreditation criteria for evaluating the performance of educational institutions is a complex and formidable undertaking. LAM Teknik, an Independent Engineering Accreditation Agency in Indonesia, is relatively new. Nevertheless, it has developed accreditation assessment criteria based on the Input-Process-Output (IPO) framework, which has been put into practice. The IPO Framework of LAM Teknik encompasses 74 scoring elements, categorized into 32 for inputs, 26 for processes, and 16 for outputs. This research aims to assess the validity of the IPO framework using data collected in 2022 from 263 undergraduate engineering programs. Data processing involved linear regression analysis, correlation analysis, and ANOVA. The results demonstrate the validity of the IPO framework developed by LAM Teknik, although the findings indicate challenges in assessing the outputs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-357
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • accreditation
  • engineering
  • higher education
  • Indonesia


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