Initiating global civil society as a strategy for handling the covid-19 public health threat: A policy review

Dumilah Ayuningtyas, Hayyan Ul Haq, Raden Roro Mega Utami

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a serious impact on public health. The speed and extent of its spread have demonstrated aglobal failure to cultivate awareness and cooperation in response to the threat. Therefore, in order to improve public awareness and the management of publichealth threats, we propose a strategy to initiate global civil society. Using Walt and Gilson's policy triangle framework for policy analysis, we reviewed andanalysed a series of articles and policies related to COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the Global Health SecurityAgenda (GHSA), health resilience in the context of globalization, as well as other countries' experiences. The study also explored constitutional obligations,public health legislation, collaboration of civil society, and policies related to public health, as well as their implementation. Every country has its own publicpolicy strategy for handling COVID-19. One possible solution is to expand the GHSA commitments and bind all countries that have signed the agreement toa single public policy strategy for the handling of COVID-19. The poor handling of the COVID-19 outbreak has demonstrated the need for Indonesia's civil society collaboratively oversee the Indonesia's government's implementation of its constitutional obligations. The government must make public health securitya top priority, and collectives of educated individuals with a strong, shared vision must harness the power of non-governmental advocacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Constitutional mandatory
  • COVID-19
  • Global civil society
  • Global health security
  • State responsibility


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