Exposure of HgCl2 to CCRF-CEM human lymphoblastoid cells induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs); extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38. LL-Z1640-2, a macrocyclic nonaketide, inhibited HgCl2-induced JNK phosphorylation at 5-100 ng/ml. It also inhibited phosphorylation of ERK and p38 but only at 100 ng/ml. The same doses of radicicol did not suppress MAPKs activation. LL-Z1640-2 (at 100 ng/ml) inhibited HgCl2-induced JNK phosphorylation in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts but not in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells. Thus, LL-Z1640-2 is a potent inhibitor of HgCl2-induced MAPKs activation, especially that of JNK, in CCRF-CEM cells. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Mitogen-activated protein kinases
- c-Jun N-terminal kinase