The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of heme synthesis inhibition on cytoglobin expression and its correlation with keloid fibroblast viability and proliferation. The study was conducted on primary culture of keloid fibroblasts. Heme synthesis in keloid fibroblasts was inhibited using succinyl acetone. We measured amino levulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) enzyme activity using a colorimetric method; cytoglobin mRNA expression using qRT-PCR, cytoglobin protein expression using ELISA and immunocytochemistry, fibroblast viability using the MTT test; and fibroblast proliferation using BrdU test. The results showed that the ALAD enzyme activity level was lower in the keloid fibroblasts treated with succinyl-acetone (SA, 1, 2.5, and 5 mM) than in the control. The cytoglobin mRNA and protein expressions level were significantly lower in the keloid fibroblasts cultured with 2.5 mM and 5 mM SA than in the control and 1 mM SA. The viability and proliferation of the keloid fibroblasts decreased when the SA concentration was increased. In conclusion, the use of succinyl acetone at a concentration of 1; 2.5; and 5 mM caused decrease ALAD enzyme activity which indicated the inhibition of the heme synthesis. Inhibition of heme synthesis can affect cytoglobin expression, which correlates with the viability and proliferation of keloid fibroblasts.
- keloid fibroblast
- succinyl acetone