Influence of void in mix on rutting performance hot mix asphalt pavement with crumb rubber additive

Rerhard Halomoan Limbong, Sigit Pranowo Hadiwardoyo, Raden Jachrizal Sumabrata, Raden Hendra Ariyapijati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Pavement construction is expected to support vehicle loads and be weather-and waterresistant. In tropical regions with high temperatures and high rainfall intensity, pavement design and construction must consider the effects of temperature. The addition of crumb rubber (CR) can improve the performance of asphalt concrete in response to vehicle loads and ambient temperature. Fiber-shaped CR can be mixed with the aggregate and bitumen in asphalt concrete. In this study, CR was added to the aggregate in a type of asphalt concrete for wearing courses known as hot mix asphalt (HMA). A series of tests were conducted using the Marshall standard or immersion and wheel tracking machine (WTM). CR was added to the HMA at 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% in aggregate and further mixed with bitumen with 60/70 penetration grade. The additive materials increased the value of the Marshall stability compared to the virgin asphalt mixture. However, this result was not obtained in the WTM test; the addition of CR increased rutting compared to the asphalt mixture without additive. The addition of CR to HMA reduced the voids in the mix, and weakened the capacity of the asphalt concrete to support repeated vehicle wheel loading.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Advanced Material Research - ISAMR 2017
EditorsDong Keon Kim
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783035711363
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInternational Symposium on Advanced Material Research, ISAMR 2017 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 17 Mar 201719 Mar 2017

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume753 KEM
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795


ConferenceInternational Symposium on Advanced Material Research, ISAMR 2017
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • Crumb rubber
  • Pavement
  • Rutting
  • Temperature


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