Influence of temperature on conversion of plastics waste (polystyrene) to liquid oil using pyrolysis process

Nasruddin A. Abdullah, Amaranggana Novianti, Imansyah Ibnu Hakim, Nandy Setiadi Djaya Putra, Raldiartono

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plastic waste has been a problem in waste treatment.The growth of plastic waste is increasing especially in Jakarta and needs more serious attention in waste processing. To convert polystyrene to be liquid much heat energy is needed. In this research, pyrolysis is used as the method to process polystyrene to be aliquid product. The objective of this research is to obtain the characteristics of the heating process, and the properties of the liquid product. This liquid can be used as a fuel. Fixed-bed reactor with SUS 316L as the base material was constructed to decompose the polystyrene using an electric heater, which was controlled using Digital PID controller. Power sensor was mounted in the electrical circuit to monitor the power that entered to the heater and recorded using data acquisition. The reaction temperature was varied from 350 °C - 550 °C. No sweep gas injected into the system. The vapor flows naturally based on their partial pressure. The temperature of cooling water was varied into two conditions, water ambient temperature, and cold water. To condense pyrolysis vapor to be liquid oil, the double-pipe condenser was constructed. The thermocouples were installed at many points of the system to monitor temperature change in the system. The maximum liquid yield was obtained at reaction temperature 500 °C with cooling water temperature at 16.59°C.The operating temperature Below 500 °C will produce more wax, and above 500 °C will produce much gas. The liquid can be applied as fuel with heating value 43.83 mJ/kg, density 0.89 g/ml and0.78 cSt of kinematic viscosity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012033
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2018
Event2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Oct 20174 Oct 2017

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