Influence of Safety Climate on Safety Performance in Gas Stations in Indonesia

Fatma Lestari, Robiana Modjo, Aryo Wibowo, Riza Yosia Sunindijo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Accidents in gas stations may cause injury or even death to people. Moreover, an accident in a gas station might halt its operation for some time. When an accident takes place in a region with scant amount of gas stations, it may lead to fuel scarcity in the area, affecting the economy and sparking other issues. Therefore, safety climate and safety performance in gas stations need to be evaluated. Safety climate has been used as a tool to assess the safety performance of an organization at a given time. The aim of this study was to understand the influence of safety climate on safety performance in gas stations in Indonesia. A total of 129 gas stations were selected. To assess safety climate, a safety climate questionnaire was used, while the safety performance was captured by conducting on site structured observations. The assessment shows that gas stations have a good level of safety climate, especially when it is compared with other industrial sectors in Indonesia, such as construction. The study findings also show that safety climate has a significant positive impact on safety performance. Three safety climate dimensions with significant positive influence on safety performance are management commitment, communication, and personal accountability. Therefore, improvement efforts should focus more on these dimensions to boost safety performance in gas stations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • gas station
  • Indonesia
  • safety climate
  • safety performance
  • structured observation


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