Influence of mass ratio of aquadest and TTIP on the synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles to improve the performance of DSSC with beta-carotene as sensitizer

Nafi'ah Ardhani, Agus Supriyanto, Akhmad Herman Yuwono, Risa Suryana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TiO2 nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method with main materials of titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) and HClO4 solutions. Mass ratios (Rw) of aquadest and TTIP were 0.85, 2.00, and 3.50 which were going to be investigated in crystallization of TiO2 phases. Pre-heating was performed on TiO2 at 60°C for one day then it was annealed at 150°C for 3 hours. The DSSC structure was formed by using the synthesized-TiO2 as semiconductor material and beta-carotene as dye sensitizer. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrum indicated that TiO2 peaks had anatase phases on crystal orientation of (101), (004), and (200) while TiO2 of rutile phase only appeared on orientation of (211). The highest intensity for all Rw was dominated by (101) anatase phase. From XRD spectrum data of (101) peak, the Scherrer's method predicted that crystal size of TiO2 was 3.48 nm, 4.36 nm, and 4.47 nm for Rw of 0.85, 2.00, and 3.50, respectively. The Tauc's method was applied on the UV-Vis data that predicted the bandgap energy (Eg) of TiO2 for Rw of 2.00 (Eg=3.14 eV) was higher than Rw of 0.85 (Eg=3.02 eV) and 3.50 (Eg=3.04 eV). The I-V characteristic calculation of DSSC structures were obtained that the efficiency optimum is 0.01% for Rw of 2.00. It is considered that bandgap energy value correlated to stability of Ti-OH bonds that caused the exited-electrons are easily injected to conduction band of TiO2. The performance of DSSC using the synthesized-TiO2 which consists of anatase and rutile can be improved about ten times compared to that using the pure-TiO2 rutile.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Science and Technology - ICAMST 2013
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Pages481-484
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9783038350316
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Science and Technology, ICAMST 2013 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 17 Sep 201318 Sep 2013

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume896
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Conference

Conference2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Science and Technology, ICAMST 2013
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityYogyakarta
Period17/09/1318/09/13

Keywords

  • Beta-carotene
  • DSSC
  • Sol-gel method
  • TTIP

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