Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) derived from natural fiber is continuously gaining interest to produce an environmentally friendly material, due to economic and ecological reasons. In consequence, sorghum is one of the most-cultivated crops that usually remain the waste as by product of bioethanol production. Indeed, it will be a promising area to utilize sorghum waste to produce MFC for enhancing polymer performance, especially in terms of crystallinity. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of a sequence of chemical modification was applied to sorghum fibers, i.e. alkalization using 4% sodium hydroxide followed by bleaching using 1.7% sodium chlorite plus acetic acid as a buffer on morphology and crystallinity of sorghum fibers. The treatment was purposed to unbundle the lignocellulose networks into microfibrils cellulose with less amorphous part and lower hydrophilic properties. Evaluation of the chemical treatments effect on morphology, crystallinity index and chemical composition of sorghum fiber was measured via Field-Emission Scanning Electron microscope (FE-SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transformation Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectroscopy. The experiments show that treatments led to a removal of binding materials, such as amorphous parts hemicellulose and lignin, from the sorghum fibers, resulting MFC of sorghum fibers and enhanced crystallinity index from 41.12 to 75.73%.
- Chemical treatments
- Crystallinity index
- Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
- Sorghum bagasse