Industrial and Environmental Disaster Risk Assessment for Hazardous Materials in Balikpapan City, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Fatma Lestari, Dina Lusiana Setyowati, Adonis Muzanni, Abdul Kadir, Isradi Zainal, James Evert Adolf Liku, Anisa Kusumadewi Zulfikar, Iin Pratama Sari, Widya Mulya, Lina Yuliana, Iwan Zulfikar, Komeyni Rusba, Irma Nurmayanti, Ira Tri Susanti, Citra Sakina, Herti Ayu Yusvalina, Andrio Adiwibowo, Noor Aulia Ramadhan, Saraswati Andani, Wulan Kusuma WardaniNoer Kholis, Eka Pradipta, Ana Maria Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Industrial disasters may cause massive public health problems, as they create large environmental damage and major loss of life. Balikpapan City has experienced a large oil spill which caused an industrial and environmental disaster: five fishermen died, various public health problems arose, and damage to environmental wildlife and ecosystems occurred. The objective of this study was to evaluate the industrial and environmental disaster risk related to hazardous material (hazmat) in Balikpapan. The research method involved the use of a semi-quantitative risk analysis with an originally organized checklist, a risk matrix, and a Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis. The results suggested that the risk score in Balikpapan’s City is 32 (MEDIUM; the dominant types of hazmat were flammables and corrosives). The major sectors contributing to the risk appeared to be the mining, energy, and oil and gas industries, with a medium risk (average risk score 33), while one clean water industry showed a low risk (risk score 24) using the checklist and risk matrix. According to the results from the GIS mapping, the areas t the highest risks appeared to be located within Balikpapan City coastal regions. The industries and the government of Balikpapan must be prepared for industrial and environmental disasters by educating competent major hazmat responders and ensuring a large spills response equipment, extensive environmental monitoring and measurement, procedures to deal with major fire and explosions and adequate disaster communication and coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9430
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • disaster risk assessment
  • environmental disaster
  • hazardous materials
  • industrial disaster

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