Inducing and Aggravating Factors of Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms

Radhiyatam Mardhiyah, Ari Fahrial Syam, Siti Setiati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (subsequently abbreviated as GERD) is a disease commonly found in the community. Several factors have been recognized as inducing and aggravating factors of GERD symptoms such as older age, female gender, obesity, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, certain diet and poor eating habit like eating fatty, spicy, and acid food.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199
JournalThe Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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