The liver is the main metabolic organ and functions to regulate many physiological functions in the human body. Approximately 70% of liver mass consists of hepatic cells (hepatocytes), which execute the liver's metabolic processes. When liver damage progresses to a chronic condition, such as end-stage liver disease (ESLD) or cirrhosis of the liver, the patient's only option for therapy is organ transplantation if the supply of available transplanted organs is insufficient to meet the patient's needs. The fundamental objective of the search for alternatives to organ transplantation has been to make liver tissue replacement more accessible and to produce hepatic and bioartificial liver tissue. Multiple hepatic cell lineages can be formed from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from embryoid bodies to become mature hepatocytes. hiPSCs also show a promising source for manufacturing human liver spheroids and are made to produce three-dimensional hepatobiliary organoids, and in some ways, it also briefly highlights important features of early hepatogenesis. Unquestionably, the art of cell culture has evolved to include the use of organoid technology as a resource for learning human biology in the context of health and illness. Organoids are essentially miniature organs that can grow in a three-dimensional matrix to resemble genuine organs in terms of both structure and function. This review summarized alternative protocols to differentiate hepatocytes from iPSC and to produce liver organoids based on iPSC in various ways. The growth of human iPSCs into liver organoids has been accomplished using several procedures.
|Number of pages
|Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology
|Published - 26 Sept 2023