Indonesia's "Great Power Balance" Diplomacy in Foreign Relations: Constructing a Balanced Relationship with the United States and China

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This article intends to offer a comprehensive analysis of Indonesia's foreign policy strategy, known as the "balance of powers." It specifically examines how Indonesia has successfully maintained balanced relations with both China and the United States. The article provides a comprehensive overview of the historical background of Indonesia's foreign relations. It also delves into the concept of "great power balance" and its significant role in guiding Indonesia's diplomacy. The article proceeds to examine the global context in which Indonesia operates and the strategic consequences of competition among major powers, highlighting Indonesia's drive to maintain equilibrium between them. The article further explores Indonesia's approach to maintaining a delicate balance in its diplomatic relations. It delves into Indonesia's positioning and strategy in the complex US-China relationship, as well as its efforts to establish equilibrium in its relations with both countries. The article specifically highlights Indonesia's "global maritime pivot" strategy and its aspirations to attain "maritime power" status. This section of the article examines Indonesia's strategy of a "global maritime pivot" and its efforts to attain the position of a "maritime power" through the enhancement of maritime security. Indonesia holds substantial worldwide influence, and its foreign policy plays a vital role in promoting regional and global peace, stability, and development. Indonesia may surmount diplomatic obstacles, optimise its national interests, and make a constructive contribution to the prosperity of the region and the world by developing its foreign policy in a logical and practical manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-168
Number of pages34
JournalCroatian International Relations Review
Issue number93
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Foreign Policy
  • Foreign Relations
  • Great Power Balance
  • Indonesia
  • Maritime Security


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