Increasing the Ability of Children with Autism in Performing Oral Hygiene through Photographs: A Single Subject Study in Indonesia

Alfani Prima Kusumasari, Allenidekania Allenidekania, Elfi Syahreni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Autism is a developmental disorder in children that now affects 1 : 88 children in the world. As many as 50% of school-age children with autism face difficulty in independently performing oral hygiene. This research seeks to increase the ability of children with autism in performing oral hygiene through the use of photographs. The methodology of the research is quantitative quasi-experimental through the single subject design. The three research subjects are school-age children with autism, and their parents also participated in this research. Intervention is conducted through a series of photographs on the steps in performing oral hygiene after the ability trend in the baseline phase is observed. Assessment in the ability of performing oral hygiene is done in the baseline, intervention, maintenance, and generalization phases. The result is that the ability to perform oral hygiene for Children A, B, and C increases from 14, 21, and 22 to 30, 31, and 30. The ability to perform oral hygiene for the three children increases after intervention and settles in the generalization phase
Original languageEnglish
JournalMakara Journal of Health Research
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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