Inclusivity of Persons With Disabilities in the Work Sector During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

Dumilah Ayuningtyas, Niken Sasanti Ardi, Sandra Barinda, Ayudina Larasanti, Theresa Napitupulu, Cindy Margaretha, Sahfira Ulfa Hasibuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on all levels of society, including people with disabilities, who in the pre-pandemic period faced obstacles in various sectors of life that affected efforts to fulfill basic living needs due to difficulties in accessing employment. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify various factors and causal interaction patterns that affect the inclusiveness of workers with disabilities in pandemic situations, a dynamic system is needed to capture causal interaction patterns related to the inclusiveness of workers with disabilities in pandemic situations. Method: This study used a causal loop diagram approach, which is part of a dynamic system that begins with determining the interaction of causal variables. The process of identifying and extracting data was carried out through a literature review and in-depth interviews with informants who met the principles of appropriateness and adequacy criteria. Result: The interaction pattern between the factors that influence the inclusiveness of disabled workers was depicted in three causal loop diagrams covering three major domains, namely social, educational, and economic aspects. The three causal loop diagrams showed an increasingly dynamic interaction pattern during the COVID-19 pandemic, considering that workers with disabilities have greater vulnerability, which impacts their level of acceptance and inclusiveness at work. Recommendation: There needs to be a specific policy to expand the acceptance of workers with disabilities by strengthening cross-sectoral collaboration and company commitments. The existence of a policy that prioritizes education, increases the budget, and procures adequate infrastructure for people with disabilities is a government commitment that is demanded to be fulfilled during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number835552
Pages (from-to)835552
Number of pages1
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • disability
  • inclusivity
  • Indonesia
  • pandemic
  • workers


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