Carcinogenic compounds from air pollution such as benzene could tend to generate free radicals and lead to DNA-radicals interaction producing 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage. This research was conducted by reacting DNA base 2'-deoxyguanosine-5'-monophosphate (dGMP) with benzene in the variation of temperature 37 °C and 60 °C, variation of pH 7.4 and 8.4 during 5 hours of incubation time, and in the variation of Fe(II) and H
as reagent of Fenton reaction. The result of adduct was analyzed by using HPLC reversed phase with UV detector at a wavelength 254 nm. In this research, the retention time of dGMP standard was measured at 7.3 minutes and 8-OHdG was measured at 9.0 minutes. The formation of 8-OHdG from dGMP and benzene interaction in addition of Fe(II) at pH 8.4 and temperature 60 °C were higher than their interaction in the condition of pH 7.4 and temperature 37 °C. The presence of hydrogen peroxide under incubation condition at pH 8.4 and at temperature 60 °C can trigger the higher formation of 8-OHdG compared to the incubation condition at pH 7.4 and temperature 37 °C.