In vitro antimicrobial activities of several extracts endophytic Pseudomonas azotoformans UICC B-91

E. Oktarina, R. H. Pratiwi, W. Mangunwardoyo, I. Hidayat, E. Saepudin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Pseudomonas azotoformans known for the benefit on agriculture area as soil fertility enhancer. Pseudomonas azotoformans UICC B-91 was successfully isolated from tissues of N. altissima which traditionally known for treating infectious diseases. Therefore, endophytic P. azotoformans might contain antimicrobial compound. This research aims on exploring the antimicrobial activities of several extracts P. azotoformans UICC B-91 against pathogenic microbes. Isolates were extracted with dichloromethane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate. Each crude extract was observed for its potential antimicrobial activity with disc diffusion method against several pathogen microbes. Bioactive compound was assayed by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and screened by bioautography. Results indicated that all crude extract have inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Bacillus cereus ATCC 10876, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6583, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 25241, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 19659 and Candida albicans ATCC 10231. Highest clear zone was on dichloromethane extract. TLC fraction of dichloromethane extract was able to inhibit growth on pathogenic bacteria (except for B. subtilis ATCC 19659 and S. aureus ATCC 6583) and fungi at minimum concentration in the range 125-1,000 μg/mL and 125 μg/mL, respectively. Bioactive compound from endophytic P. azotoformans extracted with dichloromethane have antibacterial and anticandidal effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012068
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2021
Event4th International Conference on Biosciences, ICoBio 2021 - Bogor, Indonesia
Duration: 11 Aug 202112 Aug 2021


  • antimicrobial
  • bioautography
  • crude extracts
  • extraction
  • Pseudomonas azotoformans


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