IN-SILICO dynamic analysis of Sulawesi propolis as anti-endometriosis drug: Interaction study with TNF alpha receptor, NF-kB, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and prostaglandin receptor

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Abstract

Introduction: Endometriosis is a disease that impacts around 10% of all women in reproductive age, with pelvic pain and infertility as its main clinical features. Current medical treatment targeting lowering estrogen activity has not shown sufficient result due its side effects and reproductive function suppression. Propolis has been widely studied, showing anti inflammation and pro-apoptosis property, that could potentially be used in the treatment of endometriosis. This study investigates the interaction between Sulawesi Propolis’ active components and receptors and protein related to endometriosis pathogenesis. Methods: Active components of Sulawesi Propolis were initially identified with their targeted protein receptors. Lipinski rules were used to screen potential components. The ligands and proteins were tested using Autodock program to predict the most active compound and possible binding sites between propolis and some target proteins associated with inflammatory and apoptotic activity in endometriosis models. Receptor modelling is then performed using Swiss-Model. Results: These active components of Sulawesi Propolis showed a strong binding potential towards TNF- α, NF-kb, Estrogen-α, Estrogen-β, progesterone B, PGE2 EP2 and EP3 subtype respectively: Sanggenon C, Sanggenon H, Epicryptoacetalide, Chrysin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranodside, Irilone, Polydatin and Epicryptoacetalide. Compared to its negative ligand, Sulawesi Propolis displayed a stronger binding capacity to TNF-α, Estrogen-α, and Progesterone B receptors. Conclusion: Sulawesi Propolis has the ability to interact with receptors related to reproductive function, apoptotic reactions and inflammatory processes, a significant factor associated with the pathogenesis of endometriosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102459
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Docking
  • Endometriosis
  • Estrogen receptor
  • In silico
  • NF-kB
  • Progesterone receptor
  • Propolis
  • Prostaglandin receptor
  • TNF alpha Receptor

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