Improving students' critical thinking skills in senior high school through STEM-integrated modeling instruction

Endang Purwaningsih, Tri Wahyuni, Annisa Maya Sari, Lia Yuliati, Purbo Suwasono, Bakhrul Rizky Kurniawan, Megat Aman Zahiri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The considerable challenge of today's learning processes is to ensure that students have critical-thinking skills. This requires educators to make serious efforts to respond to this challenge. This study focuses on the improvement of the critical-thinking skill of high school students through STEM-Integrated Modeling Instruction learning. The advantage of adopting this learning model is that it provides students with extensive experience, including directly learning science through observing phenomena related to the topic discussed, asking questions after the observation, doing experiment and presentation, creating projects, and doing quizzes. This research uses a mixed-method combining quantitative and qualitative data. The qualitative data are those obtained from the result of pre and post-tests students had to take. In those tests, the researcher used the one-group design and then analyzed the data using the t-test to assess influence of learning processes on students' critical-thinking skill. Meanwhile, the later was obtained from interviews with students, in which the researcher addressed eight essay questions validated by the lecturer and revalidated empirically by 71 students. The questions were considered to be valid and reliable enough to measure students' critical-thinking skill. The results of the analyses show significant differences with alpha of 0.05 and modest improvement with N-Gain of 0.32. As a final point, STEM-Integrated Modeling Instruction learning can be considered to be applied in physics learning at schools in such a way that students' critical-thinking skill improves.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education, ICoMSE 2019
Subtitle of host publicationStrengthening Mathematics and Science Education Research for the Challenge of Global Society
EditorsHabiddin Habiddin, Sheikha Majid, Ibnu Suhadi, Nani Farida, I. Wayan Dasna
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419681
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020
Event3rd International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education: Strengthening Mathematics and Science Education Research for the Challenge of Global Society, ICoMSE 2019 - Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Aug 201928 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2215
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education: Strengthening Mathematics and Science Education Research for the Challenge of Global Society, ICoMSE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityMalang, East Java
Period26/08/1928/08/19

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    Purwaningsih, E., Wahyuni, T., Sari, A. M., Yuliati, L., Suwasono, P., Kurniawan, B. R., & Zahiri, M. A. (2020). Improving students' critical thinking skills in senior high school through STEM-integrated modeling instruction. In H. Habiddin, S. Majid, I. Suhadi, N. Farida, & I. W. Dasna (Eds.), 3rd International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education, ICoMSE 2019: Strengthening Mathematics and Science Education Research for the Challenge of Global Society [050012] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2215). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0000776