Improving Hierarchical Decision Approach for Single Image Classification of Pap Smear

Dwiza Riana, Yudi Ramdhani, Rizki Tri Prasetio, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The single image classification of Pap smears is an important part of the early detection of cervical cancer through Pap smear tests. Unfortunately, most classification processes still require accuracy enhancement, especially to complete the classification in seven classes and to get a qualified classification process. In addition, attempts to improve the single image classification of Pap smears were performed to be able to distinguish normal and abnormal cells. This study proposes a better approach by providing different handling of the initial data preparation process in the form of the distribution for training data and testing data so that it resulted in a new model of Hierarchial Decision Approach (HDA) which has the higher learning rate and momentum values in the proposed new model. This study evaluated 20 different features in hierarchical decision approach model based on Neural Network (NN) and genetic algorithm method for single image classification of Pap smear which resulted in classification experiment using value learning rate of 0.3 and momentum of 0.2 and value of learning rate of 0.5 and momentum of 0.5 by generating classification of 7 classes (Normal Intermediate, Normal Colummar, Mild (Light) Dyplasia, Moderate Dyplasia, Servere Dyplasia and Carcinoma In Situ) better. The accuracy value enhancemenet were also influenced by the application of Genetic Algorithm to feature selection. Thus, from the results of model testing, it can be concluded that the Hierarchical Decision Approach (HDA) method for Pap Smear image classification can be used as a reference for initial screening process to analyze Pap Smear image classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5415-5424
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Approach (HAD)
  • Cervical cancer
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Hierarchical decision
  • Neural network (NN)
  • Pap smear


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