Improvement of bio-oil yield and quality in co-pyrolysis of corncobs and high density polyethylene in a fixed bed reactor at low heating rate

Dijan Supramono, S. Lusiani

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past few decades, interest in developing biomass-derived fuel has been increasing rapidly due to the decrease in fossil fuel reserves. Bio-oil produced by biomass pyrolysis however contains high oxygen compounds resulting in low calorific-value fuel and therefore requiring upgrading. In co-pyrolysis of the feed blend of plastics of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and biomass of com cob particles, at some compositions free radicals from plastic decomposition containing more hydrogen radicals are able to bond oxygen radicals originating from biomass to reduce oxygenate compounds in the bio-oil thus increasing bio-oil quality. This phenomenon is usually called synergetic effect. In addition to that, the pattern of heating of the feed blend in the pyrolysis reactor is predicted to affect biooil quality and yield. In a batch reactor, co-pyrolysis of corncobs and HDPE requires low heating rate to reach a peak temperature at temperature rise period followed by heating for some time at peak temperature called holding time at constant temperature period. No research has been carried out to investigate how long holding time is set in co-pyrolysis of plastic and biomass to obtain high yield of bio-oil. Holding time may affect either crosslinking of free radicals in gas phase, which increases char product, or secondary pyrolysis in the gas phase, which increases non-condensable gas in the gas phase of pyrolysis reactor, both of which reduce bio-oil yield. Therefore, holding time of co-pyrolysis affects the mass rate of bio-oil formation as the pyrolysis proceeds and quality of the bio-oil. In the present work, effects of holding time on the yield and quality of bio-oil have been investigated using horizontal fixed bed of the feed blends at heating rate of 5°C, peak temperature of 500°C and N2 flow rate of 700 ml/minute. Holding time was varied from 0 to 70 minutes with 10 minutes interval. To investigate the effects of holding time, the composition of HDPE in the feed blend was varied 0, 50 and 100%, while the synergetic effect was investigated by varying the composition of HDPE in the feed blend 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100%. The results show that synergetic effect for non-oxygenate compound production started to work at 63% HDPE in the feed blend and beyond. It was observed that extension of holding time exceeding 0 minutes allowed increase ofbio-oil production rate followed reduction of the rate. Pyrolysis ofboth the corncob feed and the feed blend containing 50% HDPE equally reached maximum bio-oil production rate at holding time of 50 minutes, while that of HDPE feed at 30 minutes. The result pertaining to holding time indicates that biomass in the feed blend governs crosslinking - secondary pyrolysis in the co-pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012011
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume162
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Chemical Engineering, ICCE 2016 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Oct 201627 Oct 2016

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