Improved Mechanical Properties of Basalt and Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composite by Incorporating Nano Silica

Mohamad Asrofi Muslim, Aidah Jumahat, Shahrul Azam Abdullah, Fauziah Md Yusof, M. Z. Zahari, Mochamad Chalid, Mohd Azrul Jaafar, Raymond Siew Teng Loy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Granite waste that increasingly accumulates yearly is significant with granite industry growth. This research aims to use nano silica extracted from granite dust to identify the effect of nano silica on the mechanical properties of Basalt and Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composite. The approach encompassed three distinct weight percentages of nano silica, specifically 1 wt%, 3 wt%, and 5 wt%, seamlessly blended into a polyester resin matrix. The evaluation of composite mechanical attributes was conducted through compression and Izod impact tests by following ASTM D3410 and ASTM D256. Remarkably, the pinnacle of this enhancement materialises at the 1 wt% threshold, signifying the impact strength and compression strength values. Beyond this point, a decline was observed, underscoring the critical importance of judicious weight percentage selection. This novel composite configuration holds promising implications, particularly for components within container trucks, where the fusion of exceptional impact and compression strength is paramount.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-184
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
VolumeSI12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Basalt Fibre
  • Glass Fibre
  • Nano Silica
  • Polyester
  • Vacuum Silicon Mould

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