Improved magnetic properties of barium hexaferrite by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles prepared by ultrasonic irradiation

G. Nastiti, Azwar Manaf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic properties of composite magnets made of nanoparticles of Barium Hexaferrite (BHF) and CoFe2O4 were reported in this paper. The two types of magnetic particles have a high total magnetization value which was required for permanent magnet applications. Both CoFe2O4 and BHF were synthesized through mechanical alloying coupled with high-frequency ultrasonic irradiation. In this respect, mechanically milled BHF precursors was sintered at a temperature of 1250 °C for 2 hours leading to single-phase powders. A similar method was also employed in the preparation of CoFe2O4 materials, but this required a relatively longer sintering time up to 12 hours at a sintering temperature of 900 °C. Composite magnets were obtained after sintering the mechanically mixed the two types of nanoparticles as constituted components of the composite. The hysteresis loop of CoFe2O4 materials as evaluated by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) showing soft magnetic phase with a total magnetization value of 0.47 T and a coercivity of 47.37 kA/m. It is shown that the magnetic properties of composite magnets are a composition dependent in which the remanent was enhanced above the value of an isotropic single phase BHF magnet. The enhancement in remanent magnetization raised the effect of grain exchange interaction between hard and soft magnetic phases. The microstructure studied by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Particle Size Analyzer (PSA) and their respective enhancement in magnetic properties are discussed in detail in term of grain exchange interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016
EditorsKiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Djoko Triyono, Terry Mart
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
Event2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016 - Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1862
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Jawa Barat
Period1/11/162/11/16

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    Nastiti, G., & Manaf, A. (2017). Improved magnetic properties of barium hexaferrite by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles prepared by ultrasonic irradiation. In K. A. Sugeng, D. Triyono, & T. Mart (Eds.), International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016 [030048] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1862). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4991152